Veterinary Drugs & Dosages Table
Bat

THIS SECTION IS INTENDED AS A REFERENCE FOR VETERINARY SURGEONS ONLY

Any medications dispensed or administered, or procedures performed, should only be by or under order of a qualified, licensed veterinary surgeon.
Given the current scarcity of drugs licensed for use in wildlife, the responsible use of the cascade system is recommended.
Drug information and dosages are derived from a variety of sources (see references), and do not necessarily guarantee safety or efficacy
.

 

ANTIBIOTICS    ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES    ANAESTHETICS & SEDATIVES    ANTHELMENTICS    FLUIDS    OTHER

 


ANTIBIOTICS

DRUG

DOSE ml/g

Practical administrative DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

WARNINGS

 (Amoxicillin trihydrate/ Clavulanate potassium) (Clavamox® Drops Rx)

0.005ml/g

0.05ml

PO

Reconstitute with 14ml water. BID for 14 to 30 days. (Continue for 48 hours after bat is asymptomatic.)

Keep refrigerated. Discard after ten days. Do not use if mixture becomes discoloured.

Amoxycillin (Oral Suspension, 50mg )

0.005ml/g

0.05ml

PO

BID for 14 to 30 days

Respiratory infections, skin infections, enteritis

Cephalexin 250mg/5ml
Oral Suspension

0.005ml/g

0.05ml

PO

Mix 5ml water with 8g (one tsp)
Cephalexin.
BID for 14 to 30 days

Keep refrigerated

Clindamycin (Antirobe)
(300mg/2ml)

0.0005ml/g

0.005ml

SC

BID for 14 to 30 days

May cause diarrhoea in nursing pups if given to lactating females.

 

 

0.25ml

SC

Mix 0.01ml Clindamycin with 0.49ml LRS. BID for 14 to 30 days

 

Enrofloxacin (Baytril 2.27%)

SC: 0.001-
0.002ml/g

0.01 to .02ml

SC

Mix 0.02 to 0.04ml with 0.25ml LRS to lessen sting and aid in hydration.
SID, for 7 to 10 days

Only give PO to adult bats.
Do NOT give to pups / lactating females UNLESS life threatening situation – joint lesions

 

PO: 0.0001ml/g

0.05ml

PO

Mix 0.25ml Baytril with 1ml of fruit juice
BID for 10 to 14 days

 

Tetracycline 100mg/ml

0.005ml/g

0.05ml

PO

BID for 14 to 30 days

 

Do not give with other medications or calcium-containing foods such as milk formula or yogurt. Do not administer to pregnant or lactating females unless Chlamydophila is suspected.

 


ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES

DRUG

DOSE ml/g

Practical administrative DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

WARNINGS

Buprenorphine 0.3mg/ml (Temgesic/Vetergesic)

0.0001mg/g

0.02ml

PO

May be applied to the gums to be absorbed through mucous membrane. BID for up to 5 days

 

Carprofen (Rimadyl/Zenecarp) *1

2-4mg/kg

 

SC

Dilute with water

 

Dexamethasone (Injectable Solution 2mg/ml)

0.003ml/g

Warm fluids before injecting.
See directions for dose

SC

Mix 0.03ml dex with 0.25ml LRS and administer entire dose.
 BID for 2 - 7 days. If given for more than 3 days dose should be tapered as follows. If given for 4 days, give SID on day 4; if given for 5 days, give SID on days 4 and 5; if given for 6 days, give SID on days 4 and 5, and give 0.1ml on day 6; if given for 7 days, give SID on days 4 and 5, and give 0.1ml on days 6

May cause excessive thirst
and urination. Do not use
in conjunction with metacam
 or aspirin – intestinal bleeding. Administer to older bats only if the severity of the condition warrants it. Injections can cause immediate fatal heart attacks in bats over 8 years of age.

Meloxicam 1.5mg/ml (Metacam)

0.002ml/g

0.02ml

PO

BID for 1 to 3 days. Do not administer for
more than three days

Do not use in conjunction with
dexamethasone, ketoprophen,
aspirin or any other NSAID drug as
intestinal bleeding may result.

 


ANAESTHETICS & SEDATIVES

DRUG

DOSE ml/g

Practical administrative DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

WARNINGS

(Acepromazine 10mg/ml:
butorphanol 2mg/ml)

0.008ml/g

0.08ml

SC

Mix 0.05ml acepromazine
with 0.05ml torbugesic and
9.8ml LRS. Re-dose in 20 minutes if
needed. Give every 4 to 6 hours.
Do not use for more than 24 hours

Do not administer with dexamethasone, aspirin, or any
other NSAID drug. USE WITH
CAUTION in older bats

Diazepam (Valium)

DO NOT USE!

 

 

 

CAN CAUSE SEVERE ADVERSE
REACTIONS LEADING TO DEATH

Isoflurane

 

 

 

 

ANESTHESIA: Isoflurane is not significantly metabolized, therefore, toxic metabolites are not produced.
Use with caution to avoid over anaesthesia resulting in death.
Do not feed bats for 3 hours before or after anaesthesia.

 Ketamine

DO NOT USE!

 

 

 

CAN CAUSE SEVERE ADVERSE REACTIONS LEADING TO DEATH

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ANTHELMENTICS

DRUG

DOSE ml/g

Practical administrative DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

WARNINGS

Fenbendazole (Panacur)
(222mg/gm)

0.005ml/g

0.05ml

PO

Dissolve 1g granules
in 30ml water.
SID for 5 days

Do not administer with dibromsalan, tribromsalan, or other
flukicides.

Griseofulvin
(125mg/5ml)

 

0.005ml/g

0.05 ml

PO

BID for 6 weeks.
NOTE: Important to continue treatment for entire 6 week period.

Ringworm.
Do not administer to pregnant
bats, bats suspected of liver
disease, or bats sensitive to
penicillin

Selamectin
(Kitten dose)

 

0.005ml

Apply directly onto the skin of the tail membrane

Single dose

 

Do not use on sick, weak, or
underweight bats

 


FLUIDS
   *1

DRUG

DOSE ml/g

Practical administrative DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

WARNINGS

Lactated Ringers
Solution (LRS)

 

Pups up to 5g: 0.5 - 1ml
Adults: 1 - 3ml

SC

Until bat is fully hydrated.

Avoid over hydration. Excess fluids can accumulate in the head, neck, and wrists, causing discomfort.

 

OTHER   *1

DRUG

DOSE ml/g

Practical administrative DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

WARNINGS

Calcium supplement

 

 

 

 

 

EfaCoat Oil

 

 

 

 

 

Frusimide (lasix 5%)

0.001ml/g  

0.01ml

PO  

Single dose

DO NOT ADMINISTER TO DEHYDRATED BATS

Iron supplement

 

 

 

 

 

Pentobarbital sodium (Pentobarbital), isoflurane, xylazine

 

 

 

See ‘Euthanasia’ in vet section

Euthanasia

References
‘Diagnostic and Treatment Update for the Rehabilitation of Insectivorous Bats’, Bat World Sanctuary, Texas
*1           Practical Wildlife Care, Second Edition, Les Stocker

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