Veterinary Drugs & Dosages Table
Birds

THIS SECTION IS INTENDED AS A REFERENCE FOR VETERINARY SURGEONS ONLY

Any medications dispensed or administered, or procedures performed, should only be by or under order of a qualified, licensed veterinary surgeon.
Given the current scarcity of drugs licensed for use in wildlife, the responsible use of the cascade system is recommended.
Drug information and dosages are derived from a variety of sources (see references), and do not necessarily guarantee safety or efficacy

 

ANTIBIOTICS    ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES    ANAESTHETICS & SEDATIVES    ANTHELMENTICS    FLUIDS    OTHER

 


ANTIBIOTICS

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

SUITABLE SPECIES

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Amoxycillin trihydrate (Betamox LA 150mg/ml) 

150mg/kg

IM

 

SID

 

Amoxycillin and clavulanic acid (Synulox/Augmentin)

35mg/kg

IM

 

SID

 

Cefalexin

35-100mg/kg

IM

 

 

 

Enrofloxacin (Baytril 5%) *1

5 – 15mg/kg

IM

 

Twice daily

Salmonellosis. Can be irritant

 

15mg/kg

PO

Bird of prey

Twice daily, 2 wks

Starvation

Amoxycillin trihydrate (Betamox LA 150mg/ml)  *1

0.025 ml

IM

Bird  - blue tit size

Single dose

On admission
plus 0.5mls SC Hartmanns

 

0.05 ml

IM

Bird  - sparrow size

Single dose

On admission
plus 1mls SC Hartmanns

 

0.1 ml

IM

Bird – blackbird size

Single dose

On admission
plus 2mls SC Hartmanns

 

0.25ml

IM

Bird – collard dove size

Single dose
Over 30 min period

On admission
plus 10mls SC (or IO) Hartmanns

 

0.5ml

IM

Bird – pigeon /tawny owl size

Single dose
Over 30 min period

On admission
plus 15-20mls SC (or IO) Hartmanns

 

1ml

IM

Bird – pheasant/duck size

Single dose
Over 30 min period

On admission
plus 30-40mls SC (or IO) Hartmanns

 

250mg/kg

IM

Swan

Single dose

On admission

 

250mg/kg

IM

Pigeon

Daily

Ruptured crop cover

Marbofloxacin (Marbocyl 20mg/ml)

10mg/kg

IM

 

SID

Less irritant than enrofloxacin

 


ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

SUITABLE SPECIES

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Buprenorphine (Temgesic/Vetergesic)

0.1mg/kg

IM, IV

 

BID

Sedative and analgesic

Butorphanol (Torbugesic)

2-4mg/kg

IM, IV

 

SID

 

Carprofen (Rimadyl)

5-10mg/kg

IM, IV

 

SID

 

Carprofen *1

5mg/kg

IM

Pheasant

SID

 

Meloxicam (Metacam)

0.2mg/kg

SC

 

SID

 

 

0.2mg/kg

PO

 

SID

(2 drops/kg)

 


ANAESTHETICS & SEDATIVES

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

SUITABLE SPECIES

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Atipamezole (Antisedan)

750-1500mcg/kg

 

 

 

Reversal for Ket+Med mix

Diazepam (Valium)

0.5-1.0mg/kg

IV, IM

 

 

Sedation for convulsions

Isoflurane

3-5% induction

 

 

1.5-2.5% maintenance

Anaesthesia

Ketamine + medetomidine (Domitor 1mg/ml)

3-5mg/kg +
150-300mcg/kg

IV, IM

 

 

30mins surgical GA. Birds standing 10mins after atipamezole reversal

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ANTHELMENTICS

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

SUITABLE SPECIES

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Fenbendazole (Panacur)

20-50mg/kg

PO

 

Repeat in 10 days

For capillariasis / cestodes treat for 3-5 consecutive days
For pigeons treat for 3 consecutive days at lowest dose

Fenbendazole  *1

1 tablet

PO

Pigeon

Single dose

Admission

Ivermectin

0.2mg/kg

IM, SC

 

 

Endo and ectoparasites

 

0.1ml/kg

PO

 

 

Dilute 1:50 with propylene glycol

Ivermectin pour-on *1

One diluted drop

Back of neck

Garden bird

Single dose

Birds with mites

 

0.1ml

Back of neck

Crow sized bird

Single dose

Ectoparasites

 

0.1ml

 

Collared dove

Single dose

Admission

Ivermectin for cattle *1

200mcg/kg

SC, PO

Ducks, corvids

Once weekly for 3 wks

Endoparasites

 

0.2ml/kg

SC, PO

 

 

For maggots if mixed 1:9 with propylene glycol

Fipronil (Frontline) *1

 

Topical

Corvid

Single dose

Mites. Spray beneath feathers

Permethrin powders

 

Topical

 

 

Apply beneath feathers

Itraconazole 

5-10mg/kg

PO

 

SID for 7-10 days

Aspergillosis prophylactic

 

5-10mg/kg

PO

 

BID for 4-6wks

Aspergillosis treatment

Itraconazole  *1

20mg/kg

 

 

BID for 2 wks

Aspergillosis prophylactic. Antifungal

Exelpet  *1

 

 

 

 

Insecticide for biting lice

Carnidazole (Spartrix) *1

10mg

PO

 

Single dose

Antiprotozan for trichomonas in adult birds or chronic cases

 

5mg

PO

 

Single dose

trichomonas in young birds

 

Half tablet

PO

Collared dove

Single dose

admission

 

1 tablet

PO

Pigeon

Single dose

admission

 


FLUIDS

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Isotonic fluids

Mainly 50-150ml/kg/day

Generally SC route

Warm fluids

Assume minimum 10% dehydration on arrival, add as appropriate

Hartmann’s

100-150 ml/kg/day

SC, PO  (6 doses)

Maintenance rate for BABY birds

 

 

50-100 ml/kg/day

 

Maintenance rate for ADULT birds

 

 

50-75 ml/kg

 

Maintenance rate for Birds of prey

Add deficits and losses

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OTHER  *1

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

SUITABLE SPECIES

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Atropine

0.2-0.4mg/kg

IM

 

q3-4hrs

For organophosphate poisoning

Dexamethasone

1-2mg/kg

IV

 

 

Use corticosteroids with care and only for short course of 48hrs max

 

2-4mg/kg

IM

 

 

 

Doxapram (Dopram)

10mg/kg

IV, IM

 

 

Respiratory stimulant

Fish Eaters tablets  *1

 

PO

Seabirds

 

seabirds

Frusimide (lasix 5%)

2mg/kg

IV, IM

 

 

Diuretic

Iron Dextran  *1

10mg/kg

IM

Bird of prey

Weekly for 2 wks

starvation

Methylprednisolone (Solu medrone V)  *2

0.5-1mg/kg

PO, IM

 

Allergies

Methylprednisolone (Solu medrone V)  *3

Nandrolone /Laurabolin  *1

1mg/kg

 

swift

Single dose

 

Pentobarbital sodium (Pentobarbital)

 

IV, IP, IC

 

 

Euthanasia

Salt tablets  *1 

 

PO

Seabirds

 

seabirds

Vitamin B  *1

10mg/kg thiamine content

SC

Bird of prey

Weekly for 2 wks

starvation

Vitamin B12  *1

250 – 5000mcg/kg

IM or PO

Duck

Once weekly

 

 

1ml

 

Swan

Single dose

On admission

Prophylactic pigeon treatment *1


Treatment

Feral Pigeon

Wood pigeon

Collared dove

Stock dove

Turtle dove

Carnidazole

10mg

10mg

5mg or 10mg if infected

10mg

5mg

PMV vaccine
After 10days quarantine

0.2ml SC

0.2ml SC

 

0.2ml SC

 

Fenbendazole pigeon capsule

1 capsule

1 capsule

 

1 capsule

 

 

Antitoxin for birds *1

10g

activated charcoal – absorbent (burnt toast)

5g

kaolin – adsorbent

5g

tannic acid

5g

light magnesium oxide – antacid

Water added to bring the total volume to 500ml

 

References
BSAVA Manual of Wildlife Casualties
*1           Practical Wildlife Care, Les Stocker
*2           Exotic Animal Formulary, third edition

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