Veterinary Drugs & Dosages Table
Fox

THIS SECTION IS INTENDED AS A REFERENCE FOR VETERINARY SURGEONS ONLY

Any medications dispensed or administered, or procedures performed, should only be by or under order of a qualified, licensed veterinary surgeon.
Given the current scarcity of drugs licensed for use in wildlife, the responsible use of the cascade system is recommended.
Drug information and dosages are derived from a variety of sources (see references), and do not necessarily guarantee safety or efficacy
.

 

ANTIBIOTICS    ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES    ANAESTHETICS & SEDATIVES    ANTHELMENTICS    FLUIDS    OTHER

 


ANTIBIOTICS

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Amoxycillin trihydrate (Betamox LA 150 mg/ml) 

15mg/kg

SC

SID

Broad-spectrum bactericidal

Amoxycillin and clavulanic acid
(Synulox/Augmentin)

8.75mg/kg

 SC

SID for 3-5 days

Respiratory infections, skin infections, enteritis

Clindamycin (Antirobe)

11mg/kg

PO

SID

Bone / dental conditions (BID for osteomyelitis)

Enrofloxacin (Baytril 5%)

5mg/kg

SC

BID for 7 days

Bordetellosis, pneumonia, neonatal enteritis

 


ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Buprenorphine (Temgesic/Vetergesic)

10-20mcg/kg

IM

 

 

Butorphanol (Torbugesic)

0.2mg/kg

 

 

Analgesia, (anti-emetic/tussive)

Carprofen (Rimadyl/Zenecarp)

4mg/kg

SC

 

 

Metacam (1.5mg/ml) *2

0.2mg/kg

PO

SID

 

 


ANAESTHETICS & SEDATIVES

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Diazepam (Valium) *1

1mg/kg

IV or IM

 

General sedation

Ketamine + xylazine

20mg/kg +
1.0mg/kg

IM

 

 

Medetomidine +  butorphanol  +
ketamine 

0.02mg/kg +
0.4mg/kg + 4mg/kg

IM

 

30-60 mins immobilisation.
Reversal of medetomidine using atipamezole 0.1 mg/kg

Propofol

4-6mg/kg

IV

 

 

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ANTHELMENTICS

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Fenbendazole

100mg/kg

PO

Single dose,  ADULT

Endoparasites

 

50mg/kg

PO

SID , for 3 days, CUB

 

Griseofulvin *1

20mg/kg

PO

Daily for 6wks

Ringworm

Ivermectin

200mcg/kg

SC

 

Endoparasites

Levamisole

10mg/kg

SC

SID , for 3 days

 

Praziquantel (Droncit)

5mg/kg

PO

 

Tapeworm

Selamectin

30mg/2.6-5kg

 

 

 

 

60mg/5.1-10kg

 

 

 

 


FLUIDS

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Compound Sodium Lactate/ Hartmann’s

50ml/kg/day

IV, SC, IO, IP

Maintenance rate

Assume minimum 10% dehydration on arrival, add as appropriate

Gelofusine

10ml/kg

IV

 

Plasma expander for shock - 30 x normal drip rate for first half hr

Haemaccel

10ml/kg

IV

 

For shock - 30 x normal drip rate for first half hr

 


OTHER
  *1

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Chloramphenicol eye ointment

 

topical

 

4-6 times daily

Dexamethasone

0.1mg/kg

Slowly IV

 

 

Etamiphylline camsylate (Millophyline)

28mg/kg

 

 

Every 8hrs

Frusimide (lasix 5%)

2.5 – 5.0mg/kg

 

 

 

Hypromellose eye drops

 

 

 

Several times daily

Lacri-lube eye ointment

 

 

 

Once daily

Methylprednisolone (Solu medrone V)  

20 - 50mg/kg

IV

4 – 6 hr intervals

 

Pentobarbital sodium (Pentobarbital)  *3

 90-175 mg/kg, as necessary

IV, IP, IC

 

Euthanasia

References
BSAVA Manual of Wildlife Casualties
*1           Practical Wildlife Care, Second Edition, Les Stocker
*2           Proceedings of the World Small Animal Veterinary Association Congress, Sydney, Australia 2007
*3           American Veterinary Medical Association Guidelines on Euthanasia

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