Veterinary Drugs & Dosages Table
Otter

THIS SECTION IS INTENDED AS A REFERENCE FOR VETERINARY SURGEONS ONLY

Any medications dispensed or administered, or procedures performed, should only be by or under order of a qualified, licensed veterinary surgeon.
Given the current scarcity of drugs licensed for use in wildlife, the responsible use of the cascade system is recommended.
Drug information and dosages are derived from a variety of sources (see references), and do not necessarily guarantee safety or efficacy
.

 

ANTIBIOTICS    ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES    ANAESTHETICS & SEDATIVES    ANTHELMENTICS    FLUIDS    OTHER

 


ANTIBIOTICS

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Amoxycillin and clavulanic acid
(Synulox/Augmentin)

8.75 - 20m/kg

IM or SC

SID

Respiratory infections, skin infections, enteritis

 

12.5 – 25mg/kg

PO

BID or TID

 

Ampicillin (long acting)

15-25mg/kg

 

 

Broad-spectrum bactericidal

Clindamycin (Antirobe)

11mg/kg

PO

SID on food

(BID for osteomyelitis)

Metronidazole (Flagyl) *1

40mg/kg

 

 

Dental conditions

 


ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Butorphanol (Torbugesic)

0.4mg/kg

 

 

Short acting, usually as part of anaesthetic

Carprofen (Rimadyl/Zenecarp)

2-4mg/kg

 

 

Effective NSAID

Meloxicam (Metacam)

0.2mg/kg

 

 

Effective NSAID

 


ANAESTHETICS & SEDATIVES

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Diazepam (Valium)

1mg/kg

IV or IM

 

General sedation

Isoflurane

3-4%

 

 

Good GA, safest method, need premed

Ketamine + medetomidine

4-5 mg/kg +
100–120mcg/kg

 

 

Good relaxation, partial reversal by atipamezole (300-480mcg/kg)

Ketamine + medetomidine + butorphanol

5mg/kg +
80mcg/kg +
0.4mg/kg

 

 

Good relaxation, analgesia, partial reversal by atipamezole (240mcg/kg)

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ANTHELMENTICS

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Fenbendazole

50mg/kg

 

SID 3 days

 

Fipronil  0.25% (Frontline)

7.5-15mg/kg

Spot on

 

 

Ivermectin

0.2mg/kg

SC

Single dose

 

Selamectin

6mg/kg

Spot on

 

 

 


FLUIDS

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Isotonic fluids

Between 50-100ml/kg/day

Mainly SC route

Warm fluids. No more than 50ml/kg bolus at one time/site

Assume minimum 10% dehydration on arrival, add as appropriate

Hartmann’s (Compound Sodium Lactate)

50ml/kg/day

IV, SC, IO, IP

Maintenance rate

 

 

15-30ml/kg/hr

IV

 

Shock rate

 


OTHER
  *1

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Dexamethasone

0.2mg/kg

IV IM

SID

 

 

5.0mg/kg

IV

 

Anti inflam dose

Fish Eaters tablets

1 - 2

PO

SID

 

Multivitamin Injection

1ml/5kg

IM  or SC

Every 14 days

 

Pentobarbital sodium (Pentobarbital)

 

then IV, IP, IC

General anaesthesia FIRST

Euthanasia

Vitamins and Minerals (SA37, Intervet)

1 – 4g

 

SID

 

References
BSAVA Manual of Wildlife Casualties
*1           Practical Wildlife Care, Second Edition, Les Stocker

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