Veterinary Drugs & Dosages Table
Squirrel

THIS SECTION IS INTENDED AS A REFERENCE FOR VETERINARY SURGEONS ONLY

Any medications dispensed or administered, or procedures performed, should only be by or under order of a qualified, licensed veterinary surgeon.
Given the current scarcity of drugs licensed for use in wildlife, the responsible use of the cascade system is recommended.
Drug information and dosages are derived from a variety of sources (see references), and do not necessarily guarantee safety or efficacy
.

 

ANTIBIOTICS    ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES    ANAESTHETICS & SEDATIVES    ANTHELMENTICS    FLUIDS    OTHER

 


ANTIBIOTICS
*1

Streptomycin and procaine penicillin TOXIC to rats and mice so possibly also toxic to squirrels

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Amoxycillin trihydrate (Betamox LA 150mg/ml) 

150mg/kg

IM

 

 

Amoxicillin and clavulanic acid
(Synulox/Augmentin)

2ml/kg

PO

 

 

Cefalexin

60mg/kg

PO

 

 

 

15mg/kg

SC

 

 

Enrofloxacin (Baytril 5%)

10mg/kg

SC, PO

SID

 

Oxytetracycline (long acting)

60mg/kg

SC, IM

SID every 3 days

 

Potentiated sulphonamides (trimethoprim/sulfadiazine)

120mg/kg

SC, IM

 

 

 

0.5ml/kg

 

 

24% solution = 240mg/ml = 0.5ml/kg

 


ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES
*1

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Buprenorphine (Temgesic/Vetergesic)

0.05-0.5mg/kg

SC, IM, IP, IV

q6-12 hrs

 

Butorphanol (Torbugesic)

1-2mg/kg

SC

q4 hrs

 

Carprofen (Rimadyl/Zenecarp)

5mg/kg

SC, PO

SID

 

Meloxicam

1-2mg/kg

SC, PO

SID

 

 


ANAESTHETICS & SEDATIVES
   *3

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Acepromazine

0.5-1mg/kg

 

 

 

Atipamezole (Antisedan)

1mg/kg

SC

 

Reversal of medetomidine

Diazepam (Valium)

3-5 mg/kg

IM

 

 

Ketamine + diazepam

75mg/kg + 8mg/kg

IP

 

Light anaesthesia for 20-30mins

Ketamine + medetomidine

75 mg/kg +
0.5 mg/kg

IP

 

Surgical anaesthesia for 20-30

Midazolam/fentanyl/fluanisone (MFF)

*2.7 ml/kg

IP

 

Surgical anaesthesia. *Dose in ml/kg of a mixture of 1 part fentanyl/fluanisone plus 2 parts water for injection and 1 part midazolam (5 mg/ml initial concentration)

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ANTHELMENTICS
*1

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Fenbendazole

20mg/kg

PO

SID  x 5 days

For GI nematodes

Fipronil

7.5mg/kg

topically

q30-60 days

Anti-flea treatment

Ivermectin

0.2-0.4mg/kg

SC, topical

q7-14 days

Ecto-and endoparasiticide
Dilute in propylene glycol for topical use

Praziquantel (Droncit)

6-10mg/kg

SC, PO

q10 days x 2-3 treatments

For cestodes

 


FLUIDS
   *2

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Isotonic fluids

Between 50-100ml/kg/day

Mainly SC route

Warm fluids

Assume minimum 10% dehydration on arrival, add as appropriate

Lactated Ringer’s Solution

10-25ml/kg

SC, IP, IV

slow bolus

Fluid therapy

 

OTHER   *4

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Atropine

0.05-0.1mg/kg

SC

 

Bradycardia

Cimetidine (Tagamet)

5-10mg/kg

PO, SC, IM

q 6-12 hrs

Gastric and duodenal ulcers

Dexamethasone

0.5-2mg/kg

SC, IM, IV

 

Corticosteroid: SELDOM INDICATED IN RODENTS

Doxapram (Dopram)

5-10mg/kg

IV, IP

 

Respiratory stimulant

Frusimide (lasix 5%) *2

2-10mg/kg

PO, SC, IM

q6-12 hrs

Diuretic

Metoclopromide

0.2-1mg/kg

PO, SC, IM

BID

Motility stimulant

Pentobarbital sodium (Pentobarbital)  *5

150-200mg/kg, or as necessary

IP, IV

 

Euthanasia

Vitamin K

1-10mg/kg

IM

BID x 4-6 days

Select bleeding disorders and toxicities

References
*1           BSAVA Manual of Wildlife Casualties
*2           Irish Veterinary Journal Volume 61 Number 3, Michelle Ward BSc BVSc (Hons I) DZooMed (Mammalian) MRCVS
*3           Flecknell, Paul. “Anaesthesia and analgesia for rodents and rabbits.” Handbook of Rodent and Rabbit Medicine
*4           Exotic Animal Formulary, third edition
*5           American Veterinary Medical Association Guidelines on Euthanasia (rat dose)

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